Objective: To study the cortical microstructure in ET patients
Background: Essential tremor (ET) is a common movement disorder, but the pathogenesis is poorly understood. Several associated brain areas were reported with inconsistent results due to heterogeneous populations. It is necessary to analyze a more homogeneous patient group.
Method: We recruited 25 drug-naïve ET patients and 36 age- and sex-matched controls. All participants were right-handed. ET. ET was defined according to diagnostic criteria of the Consensus Statement of the Movement Disorder Society on Tremor. ET patients were divided into sporadic (SET) and familial ET (FET). We assessed tremor severity in ET. The cortical microstructural changes were compared between ET patients and controls using mean diffusivity (MD) and cortical thickness. The correlation of tremor severity with the cortical MD and thickness were respectively analyzed.
Results: MD values were increased in the insular, precuneus, medial orbitofrontal, posterior, and isthmus cingulate and temporo-occipital areas in ET. In comparison between SET and FET, MD values were higher in the superior and caudal middle frontal, postcentral, and temporo-occipital regions in FET. The cortical thickness of ET patients was more increased in the left lingual gyrus and lower in the right bankssts gyrus. We could not find any correlation of tremor severity with the MD values in ET patients. Still, there was a positive correlation with the cortical thickness of the frontal and parietal areas.
Conclusion: Our results support the idea that ET is a disorder that disrupts widespread brain regions and indicates that cortical MD may be more sensitive to measure brain abnormalities than cortical thickness.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:SY. Kang, E. Lee, P. Lee, M. Kim. Cortical mean diffusivity and cortical thickness in essential tremor [abstract]. Mov Disord. 2023; 38 (suppl 1). https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/cortical-mean-diffusivity-and-cortical-thickness-in-essential-tremor/. Accessed September 25, 2023.
« Back to 2023 International Congress
MDS Abstracts - https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/cortical-mean-diffusivity-and-cortical-thickness-in-essential-tremor/