Objective: To analyze the effects of resistance training (RT) on motor- and non-motor outcomes in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) compared to passive and physically active control groups (i.e., other structured physical interventions).
Background: Previous reviews indicated positive effects of RT on motor outcomes in PD. However, inconsistencies between the included studies exist, and non-motor outcomes have only scarcely been considered in a review on RT in PD.
Method: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL for randomized controlled trials of RT in PD. After identifying 18 studies, a meta-analysis was conducted for the outcomes muscle strength, motor impairment, freezing of gait (FoG), mobility and balance, quality of life (QoL), depression, cognition, and adverse events. Meta-analyses with random models were calculated using mean differences (MD) or standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).
Results: When comparing RT with passive control groups, the meta-analyses showed significant large effects on muscle strength (SMD=-0.84, 95% CI -1.29 – -0.39, p=.0003), motor impairment (SMD=-0.81, 95% CI -1.34 – -0.27, p=.003), mobility and balance (MD=-1.81, 95% CI -3.13 – -0.49, p=.007), and small significant effects on QoL (SMD=-0.48, 95% CI -0.86 – -0.10, p=.01). RT compared with physically active control groups reached no significant results for any outcome.
Conclusion: RT improves muscle strength, motor impairment, mobility and balance, QoL and depression in PD patients. However, it is not superior to other physically active interventions. Therefore, exercise is important for PD patients but according to this analysis, its type is of secondary interest.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:R. Gollan, M. Ernst, E. Lieker, J. Caro-Valenzuela, I. Monsef, A. Dresen, M. Roheger, N. Skoetz, E. Kalbe, AK. Folkerts. Resistance training in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis [abstract]. Mov Disord. 2022; 37 (suppl 2). https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/resistance-training-in-patients-with-parkinsons-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis/. Accessed September 21, 2023.
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MDS Abstracts - https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/resistance-training-in-patients-with-parkinsons-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis/