Category: Parkinsonism, Atypical: MSA
Objective: We aimed to investigate the plasma short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients and to identify the potential differential diagnostic ability.
Background: MSA and Parkinson’s disease (PD) have overlapping symptoms, making diagnosis challenging. SCFAs are produced exclusively by gut microbiota and were reduced in feces of MSA patients. However, plasma SCFA concentrations in MSA patients have not been investigated.
Method: Plasma SCFA were measured in 25 MSA patients, 46 healthy controls and 46 PD patients using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the participants were evaluated.
Results: Acetic acid concentration was lower in MSA patients than in healthy controls. Acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations were lower in MSA and MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) patients than in PD patients. A receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis revealed reduced acetic acid concentration discriminated MSA patients from healthy controls with 76% specificity but only 57% sensitivity and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.68 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.55-0.81). Combined acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations discriminated MSA patients from PD patients with an AUC of 0.82 (95% CI: 0.71-0.93), 84% specificity and 76% sensitivity. Especially, with combined acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations, MSA-P patients were separated from PD patients with an AUC of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.80-0.97), 91% specificity and 80% sensitivity.
Conclusion: Plasma SCFAs were decreased in MSA patients. The combined acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations may be a potential biomarker for differentiating MSA patients from PD patients.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:XQ. He, YW. Qian, SQ. Xu, Y. Zhang, CJ. Mo, XD. Yang, Q. Xiao. Plasma Short-Chain Fatty Acids Differences in Multiple System Atrophy from Parkinson’s Disease [abstract]. Mov Disord. 2021; 36 (suppl 1). https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/plasma-short-chain-fatty-acids-differences-in-multiple-system-atrophy-from-parkinsons-disease/. Accessed December 7, 2023.
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MDS Abstracts - https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/plasma-short-chain-fatty-acids-differences-in-multiple-system-atrophy-from-parkinsons-disease/