Date: Wednesday, June 22, 2016
Session Title: Parkinson's disease: Neuroimaging and neurophysiology
Session Time: 12:00pm-1:30pm
Location: Exhibit Hall located in Hall B, Level 2
Objective: To investigate whether excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is mediated by loss of dopaminergic function by using dopaminergic specific single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) molecular imaging in early de novo PD patients with and without EDS.
Background: EDS is one of the earliest and most debilitating non-motor symptoms of PD and often challenging to manage in the clinic. Preclinical investigations have demonstrated that dopamine depletion causes sleep disturbances, suggesting that dopamine may play a fundamental role in regulating the sleep-wake cycle, hence potentially underlie EDS pathogenesis.
Methods: We performed a case-control study using the Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative database, where we assessed and compared semi-quantified [123I]FP-CIT SPECT, and motor and non-motor features from two groups of 84 early de novo PD patients with and without EDS who were matched for age, gender, age of diagnosis, years of education and disease duration. We also explored clinical and imaging correlates of EDS and the predictive significance of these markers in the development of EDS in PD patients without EDS.
Results: PD patients with EDS had worse non-motor (MDS-UPDRS part I, p<0.001; MDS-UPRDS part II, p=0.005), autonomic (SCOPA-AUT, p<0.0001) and cognitive (MoCA, p=0.05) function, depression (GDS, P=0.001), and reduced caudate dopamine transporters ([123I]FP-CIT, p=0.024) compared to PD patients without EDS. Lower caudate [123I]FP-CIT values correlated with higher EDS scores (r2=0.037, p=0.013). Among patients without EDS, 47 PD patients (56%) developed EDS over a median follow-up of 36 months. Cox multivariate analysis including all clinical and imaging data available, revealed abnormal caudate [123I]FP-CIT uptake (p=0.030) and disease duration (p=0.018) were predictors for the development of EDS.
Conclusions: Our data provides novel insight that loss of caudate dopaminergic function is associated with EDS severity and susceptibility. Impairment of dopaminergic function within the caudate should be further investigated to confirm its role in regulating the sleep-wake cycle.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:T. Yousaf, G. Pagano, F. Niccolini, M. Politis. Excessive daytime sleepiness is mediated by loss of caudate dopaminergic function in Parkinson’s disease [abstract]. Mov Disord. 2016; 31 (suppl 2). https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-is-mediated-by-loss-of-caudate-dopaminergic-function-in-parkinsons-disease/. Accessed September 22, 2023.
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MDS Abstracts - https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-is-mediated-by-loss-of-caudate-dopaminergic-function-in-parkinsons-disease/