Session Time: 1:45pm-3:15pm
Location: Hall 3FG
Objective: The aim of our study was to compare the connectivity between large-scale resting state networks and the cerebellum before and after treatment initiation.
Background: Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT) injections is currently the preferred, although symptomatic, treatment of focal dystonia. Although the primary BoNT site of action is at the neuromuscular junction, the clinical effect in dystonia is assumed to be mediated by dynamic changes at multiple levels of the sensorimotor system. Recently, the role of the cerebellum in the pathophysiology of dystonia has been discussed.
Methods: Twelve patients with cervical dystonia indicated for treatment with BoNT were enrolled (11 female, aged 50.8 ± 8.1 years, range 38-61 years). Clinical and functional MRI examinations were carried out immediately before and 4 weeks after BoNT injection. Clinical severity of dystonia was evaluated using the TWSTRS. The functional imaging data were acquired using a 1.5 Tesla MRI scanner during an 8-minute rest. Pre-processed data from both sessions were decomposed into 30 group-wise independent components (IC’s) using MELODIC from the FSL toolbox. Treatment-related changes in connectivity between the cerebellum and the whole-brain components were evaluated using dual regression analysis and non-parametric permutation testing. Results were thresholded at the corrected p < 0.05.
Results: Clinical scoring demonstrated satisfactory clinical effect of BoNT. The only significant difference was detected in the left-sided fronto-parietal component (IC 7, Figure 1), which demonstrated a decrease of functional connectivity after the treatment in the left cerebellar lobule VIIIa (coordinates [x,y,z]: -34, -54, -56).
Conclusions: Our data provide evidence for abnormal resting state connectivity between large-scale cortical networks and the cerebellum. Research was supported by grants of the Agency for Healthcare Research of the Czech Republic (AZV MZ ČR) NV16-30210A. All rights reserved.
References: Figure 1. Independent component 7 and treatment-related difference. The red-yellow overlay shows the spatial representation of the IC 7. The blue overlay shows the significant connectivity decrease at Week 4.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:M. Nevrlý, P. Hok, P. Otruba, M. Kaiserová, L. Hvizdošová, Z. Tüdös, P. Hluštík, P. Kaňovský. Cervical dystonia – changes in resting state cerebellar connectivity induced by botulinum toxin [abstract]. Mov Disord. 2018; 33 (suppl 2). https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/cervical-dystonia-changes-in-resting-state-cerebellar-connectivity-induced-by-botulinum-toxin/. Accessed December 5, 2023.
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MDS Abstracts - https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/cervical-dystonia-changes-in-resting-state-cerebellar-connectivity-induced-by-botulinum-toxin/