Date: Wednesday, June 22, 2016
Session Title: Parkinson's disease: Neuroimaging and neurophysiology
Session Time: 12:00pm-1:30pm
Location: Exhibit Hall located in Hall B, Level 2
Objective: Aim of the study was to investigate patterns of cortical thinning associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in PD and to explore relationships with cognitive deficits.
Background: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is often associated to cognitive deficits. Cortical thickness analysis might be a valid instrument to investigate the structural correlates of such deficits in PD.
Methods: We studied 108 PD patients (54 without cognitive impairment [PD-ncog], and 54 with MCI [PD-MCI]), and 41 healthy controls. All subjects underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical and neuropsychological evaluation. The cortical thickness analysis was performed on the 3D T1 weighted scans.
Results: Compared to PD-ncog and healthy controls, PD-MCI showed cortical thinning of superior temporal sulcus, inferior parietal, middle and superior temporal gyri bilaterally, as well as left frontal pole and supramarginal gyrus. Bilateral precentral gyri and left enthorinal cortex and superior frontal gyrus as well as right inferior frontal gyrus revealed reduced thickness only when PD-MCI were compared to controls. When compared to PD-ncog, PD-MCI showed additional cortical thinning of the postcentral gyri bilaterally. PD-ncog did not show differences relative to controls. Lower scores on global cognition tasks were associated with widespread cortical thinning. Cortical thinning of fronto-temporo-parietal regions was correlated to lower executive and visual spatial scores.
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that MCI in PD has a neuroanatomical substrate of cortical thinning which correlates with performance in neuropsychological evaluation. The atrophy pattern identified in this study might be used as a surrogate marker of cognitive impairment in nondemented PD.
XLVI Congress Of The Italian Neurological Society Genova 2015.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:S. Galantucci, F. Agosta, T. Stojkovic, I. Petrovic, E. Stefanova, E. Canu, M. Copetti, V.S. Kostic, M. Filippi. Cortical thinning associated with mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease [abstract]. Mov Disord. 2016; 31 (suppl 2). https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/cortical-thinning-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinsons-disease/. Accessed September 23, 2023.
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MDS Abstracts - https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/cortical-thinning-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinsons-disease/