Objective: Determine incidence of falls in a group of PD patients and correlate their clinical characteristics with parameters of gait kinetics obtained through videos recorded with a smartphone.
Background: Postural and gait impairments in Parkinson’s Disease (PD) are a major challenge due to superposition of body changes attributed to aging itself and biomechanical variations determined by PD and its compensatory mechanisms. (1–3) The use of technology-based objective measures (TOMs) in clinical practice is an expanding reality, however, its popularization is limited by difficulty of access, lack of standardization in interpretation of the data obtained and high cost. (4–6)
Method: Cross-sectional evaluation of demographic, clinical data and quantitative gait analysis using kinematics. We recorded videos of the patients’ straight gait, walking at normal speed, for 6 meters, with an IPhone XS with 4K resolution at 60 frames/second. Smartphone was fixed at a distance of 6 meters from the target, with a right-side view of the patients, for analysis of gait in the sagittal plane. We used the simple anatomical model to determine the position of the joints for later capture of gait kinetics variables using the free two-dimensional kinematic analysis software, CvMob. (7,8)
Results: We evaluated 49 PD patients, predominantly male (67%) with average age of 59 years (±10,9). 63,2% of patients experienced at least one fall episode in the last year and 86% experienced a near-fall situation. Patients with fall history have higher score at UPDRS-III, higher TUG and worst performance in MiniBestTEST (Table 1). We used a smartphone as an auxiliary tool to capture data of gait kinetics with an easily reproducible and low operating cost model. Our data suggest that objective measure of maximum speed, extracted through the analysis of the smartphone-video by CvMob, tended to serve as a marker of risk of falls in PD patients (Table 2).
Conclusion: Maximum gait speed, in our series, tended to serve as a marker for identifying patients at risk of falls. We used an easily, reproducible and low operational cost model to determinate gait parameters using a smartphone. This allows new studies to be carried out with larger populations to analyze broader data of gait kinetics and identify changes in posture, balance and gait characteristics capable of predicting increased risk of falls.
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To cite this abstract in AMA style:F. Rolim, A. Gomes, E. Barreto, A. Marinho, F. Carvalho. FEASIBILITY OF A SMARTPHONE-BASED APPROACH TO ACCESS GAIT PARAMETERS AND DETECT FALL RISK IN PARKINSON’S DISEASE [abstract]. Mov Disord. 2021; 36 (suppl 1). https://www.mdsabstracts.org/abstract/feasibility-of-a-smartphone-based-approach-to-access-gait-parameters-and-detect-fall-risk-in-parkinsons-disease/. Accessed December 5, 2023.
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